Sculpture – The ancient 3D art
It might be impossible to find someone who hasn’t stumbled upon a 3 Dimensional art that is created with modern 3D software such as Blender, Autodesk 3ds Max, Maya, ZBrush, etc. However, have you ever thought about the origin of impeccable 3D art that you see in video games, movies, animations, etc.?
You guessed right!
It’s all started from the ancient 3D art known as sculpture. So, shall we take a deep look at the importance and the history of sculptures? Let’s dive in!
What is Sculpture?
Sculpture is the starting point of every 3-dimensional art that we see in the world. The importance of it is tangible and as a result, even a blind person can perceive one.
It has been around for thousands of years because undoubtedly every single culture at some point in their existence has sculpted objects.
The original sculpting approach was carving. In other words, the carving materials such as stone, or clay were used as a whole and then removed the material to bring out the sculpture. Sculptures that were created with stone are the most preserved ones so far which are the telltales of ancient cultures.
Looking back at the history
The importance of it has been centralized around religious devotion and politics among many cultures. Sculptures from the ancient Mediterranean, Central and South America, India, China, and Africa, etc. had managed to survive for many years to give a clear picture of it’s history.
As mentioned above, the history of Sculptures brings us back to the Aurignacian culture. It was located in Europe and southwest Asia which was active at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic, A.K.A. the Late Stone Age. The people in this culture created the earliest known cave art among stone tools, pendants, ivory beads, bone-flutes, and 3 Dimensional figurines.
Löwenmensch, an anthropomorphic lion-man figure that was made with woolly mammoth ivory, was found in the Hohlenstein Stadel area of Germany. It is 30 cm tall and dates back to 35–40,000 BP. This is one of the oldest examples of figurative art.
Ancient Egypt is a vital role in the history of sculptures. Needless to say, Egypt was famous for monumental sculpture.
Wood carved statues of administrators and their wives were found well preserved in tombs due to the climate of Egypt. The reason is, wood can survive thousands of years in such a climate.